WHAT IS A COOKIE?
A cookie is an inoffensive text file stored in your browser when you visit almost any webpage. The cookie's purpose is to make the webpage able to remember your visit when you browse the page again. Although many people are unaware, cookies have been used for 20 years, when the first World Wide Web browsers appeared.
WHAT ISN'T A COOKIE?
It is not a virus, or a Trojan horse, a worm, spam or spyware, and it doesn't open pop-up windows.
WHAT INFORMATION DOES A COOKIE STORE?
Cookies don't tend to store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank information, photographs, National ID Card or personal information, etc. The data they store are technical, on personal preferences, content customisation, etc.
The web server does not associate the cookie with you as a person, but rather with your web browser. In fact, if you normally browse with Internet Explorer and try browsing the same website with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the website does not realise that you are the same person, because it actually associates with the browser, not the person.
WHAT TYPES OF COOKIES ARE THERE?
Technical cookies: These are the most elemental cookies. Their role includes, but is not limited to, knowing when a human or an automated application is browsing, when an anonymous user and a registered user is browsing, basic tasks for the operation of any dynamic website.
Analysis cookies: These collect information on how you are browsing, the sections you use the most, products viewed, time zone, language, etc.
Advertising cookies: These show adverts based on your browsing, country of origin, language, etc.
WHAT ARE OUR OWN AND THIRD-PARTY COOKIES?
Our own cookies are those generated by the webpage you are visiting, and third-party cookies are generated by outside services or providers, such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
WHAT HAPPENS IF I DEACTIVATE COOKIES?
So you can understand the scope of what occurs when you deactivate cookies, we have provided some examples:
You will not be able to share contents from that website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
The website will not be able to adapt contents to your personal preferences, as online shops normally do.
You will not be able to access the website's personal area, such as My Account, My Profile or My Orders.
Online shops: It will be impossible for you to place online purchases. They will have to be placed by telephone, or by visiting the physical shop, if there is one.
It will not be possible to personalise your geographical preferences, such as time zone, currency or language.
The website will not be able to conduct analytics on visitors and traffic to the website, which makes it difficult for the website to be competitive.
You will not be able to write in the blog, upload photos, post comments or rate or score contents. The website will not know if you are a human or automated application posting spam.
The website will not be able to show segmented advertising, which reduces the website's advertising revenue.
CAN COOKIES BE DELETED?
Yes. Not only deleted; they can be blocked, in general or specifically for a specific domain.
To delete cookies on a website, go to your browser settings and search for the cookies associated with the domain and question, then delete them.
COOKIE SETTINGS FOR THE MOST POPULAR BROWSERS
As follows, we show you how to access a certain cookie with the Chrome browser. Note: these steps may vary, depending on the browser version:
On the File menu, go to Settings or click on the personalisation icon on the top right.
You will see different sections. Click the Advanced option.
Under Privacy and Security, go the Content Settings.
Select All Cookies and website information.
You will see a list of all cookies, organised by domain. To make it easier to find cookies from a certain domain, partially or totally type the address in the Search Cookies field.
After making the filter, one or several lines with the cookies from the desired website will appear. Now you just have to select it by clicking X, and you can then delete.
To access cookie settings on Internet Explorer, follow these steps (which may vary, depending on the browser version):
Go to Tools, Internet Options
Click on Privacy.
Move the slider to change the privacy level you prefer.
To access cookie settings on Firefox, follow these steps (which may vary, depending on the browser version):
Go to Options or Preferences, depending on the operative system.
Click on Privacy.
Under History, select Use Custom Settings for History.
Now you will see the option Accept Cookies. You can activate or deactivate it, depending on your preferences.
To access cookie settings on Safari for OSX, follow these steps (which may vary, depending on the browser version):
Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
Here, you will see the option Block Cookies, so you can set the kind of blockage you prefer.
To access cookie settings on Safari for iOS, follow these steps (which may vary, depending on the browser version):
Go to Settings, then Safari.
Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the option Block Cookies, so you can set the kind of blockage you prefer.
To access cookie settings for Android device browsers, follow these steps (which may vary, depending on the browser version):
Open the browser, then press Menu, then Settings.
Go to Privacy and Security. You will see the option Accept Cookies so you can activate or deactivate the checkbox.
To access cookie settings for Windows Phone device browsers, follow these steps (which may vary, depending on the browser version):
Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings
Now you can activate or deactivate the checkbox Allow Cookies.